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Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar July 100 BC – 15 Drive 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman and a distinguished copy writer of Latin prose. He played a vital role inside the gradual alteration of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar,  Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to control Roman governmental policies for several years. Their very own attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by simply the conservative elite within the Roman United states senate[citation needed], among them Cato the Younger with the repeated support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, accomplished by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge through the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain. These kinds of achievements approved him unrivaled military electric power and endangered to eclipse Pompey's standing up. The balance of power was further upset by the death of Crassus in 53 BC. Politics realignments in Rome finally led to a standoff between Caesar and Pompey, these having taken up the cause of the Senate. Purchased by the Senate to stand trial in Rome pertaining to various expenses, Caesar marched on Ancient rome with one legion—legio XIII—from Gaul to Italy, crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC.[6] This started a civil war from which he emerged as the unparalleled leader in the Roman community. After supposing control of government, he began intensive reforms of Roman contemporary society and federal government. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed " dictator in perpetuity". A group of senators, led by Marcus Junius Brutus, assassinated the dictator on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, hoping to regain the constitutional government from the Republic. Yet , the result was a series of civil battles, which finally led to the establishment from the permanent Roman Empire by simply Caesar's adopted heir Octavius (later generally known as Augustus)....