02.09.2019
 Energy Crisis Essay

BOI

TABLE OF PURCHASE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

PAKISTAN POWER SECTOR

CONTENTS

SECTOR STRUCTURE ELECTRICAL POWER POLICY POPULAR FEATURES OF POWER PLAN 2002 OFFERS IN ELECTRICITY POLICY 2002. CURRENT & FUTURE ELECTRICITY POSITION THERMAL POWER AREAS (WAPDA) HEAT POWER CHANNELS (KESC) COLD WEATHER POWER AREAS (IPP'S) HYDEL STATIONS FUNCTIONING FUTURE GOAL HYDEL ASSIGNMENTS (SHORT TERM) FUTURE CONCERN HYDEL ASSIGNMENTS (MEDIUM TERM) FUTURE GOAL HYDEL ASSIGNMENTS (LONG TERM) COAL ELECTRICITY STATIONS (WAPDA) FUTURE PROPOSED COAL TASKS NUCLEAR POWER STATIONS LONG TERM PROPOSED INDIVISIBLE PROJECTS FUTURE PRIVATIZATION PLAN LIST OF LATEST FAST TRACK PLANS FROM BENEFICIARIES LIST OF TASKS BEING PROCESSED BY PPIB RENEWABLE ENEGY IN PAKISTAN 1 two 2 several 4 five 6 several 9 10 11 12 14 18 15 of sixteen 17 18 19 21 years old

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SECTOR STRUCTURE

MOUNTED POWER CAPABILITY

(MW) TYPE HYDEL (WAPDA) THERMAL (WAPDA) THERMAL (KESC) THERMAL (IPPs) NUCLEAR Total Capacity VOLUME OF STATIONS 13 14 4 16 a couple of Installed Potential 2002 six, 494 5, 835 you, 756 your five, 832 462 19, 379 % Reveal in Total Capability 34 % 25 % 9% 30 % 2% 100 %

Source: Energy Book 2006, Hydrocarbon Advancement Institute of Pakistan.

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POWER COVERAGE 2002

• Exemption from income tax which includes turnover duty and withholding tax about imports to get the tasks based on native fuel. • No exemption of tax on oil-fired power plants. • five per cent custom duty on the importance of herb, machinery & equipment (PME) not made locally to get gas, fossil fuel & hydel projects. • No garnishment of florida sales tax on such plant, equipment and gear.

Income Tax

Personalized Duties & Sales tax

FEATURES OF POWER INSURANCE PLAN 2002

• The basis to get selection of exclusive power job will be the minimum levelized tariff either through Foreign Competitive Putting in a bid (ICB) to get solicited plans or through negotiations / ICB to get proposals in raw sites. • With out a proper feasibility study for your site-specific hydel or indigenous fuel based/ renewable useful resource based job, it will not be possible to bring competitive bids and get firm presents. • Hydel projects will probably be implemented in Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) basis. • Thermal tasks would possibly be developed on START or Build-Own-Operate (BOO) basis. • Exclusive power firms will be in order to import plant and tools (for hydel & cold weather projects), not manufactured in your area at concessional rates (i. e. 5%) of obligation. They are not affected by the payment of tax, turnover charge tax & withholding tax.

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BONUSES IN ELECTRIC POWER POLICY 2002

• Total security and guarantee with regards to political risk, change in taxes/ duties, transfer of money and contracts with WAPDA, KESC, Provincial and AJK governments.

• Pakistan needs a few, 529 Mega Watt (MW) power extra by 2009-2010. • Policy to decrease thermal electrical power generation and bulk source tariff can be not set as was in 1994. Government has discovered lesson via previous policies i. electronic. no up-front fixed capability charge pertaining to thermal electricity plants, limitation on front-end loading, and one home window operation. • Special bonuses for coal/ gas dismissed projects and hydel jobs. Integrated fossil fuel mining and power, properly secured return on investment produced on dedicated coal/gas resource for power generation and expenditure made in included projects being recovered via tariff underneath coal and gas jobs. Hydrological risk to be in the mind by WAPDA, priority mail with financial load distribute criteria below hydel assignments are the important features.

• Under the pre-qualification criteria, main sponsors to get a 20 percent stake in value and as well as other associates will have immediate and relevant experience in development or perhaps implementation or ownership or perhaps operation in similar assignments; demonstrated ability for financing (equity & debt) and main beneficiaries not to personal more than twenty-five per cent of total technology.

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CURRENT & UPCOMING POWER POSITION Base yr 2002

(MW) THERMAL HYDEL COAL Elemental Grand Total WAPDA IPP's KESC Total WAPDA IPP's Total WAPDA KESC Total...