Cult Transformation: Freewill or perhaps Brainwashing? Dissertation

The controversy surrounding fresh religious motions seems to be primary concerned with set up members of these religions come of their own freewill or if they convert as a important and inevitable response to advanced coercion, or perhaps " brainwashing" techniques utilized by the cult leaders.

The concept of brainwashing came into well-known existence in the 1950's because the result of endeavors to try and clarify the conduct of a lot of American GI's who defected to the Communists during the Korean language War (19 Oct 1999). Many people, including a few professionals, located brainwashing being an acceptable reason for the otherwise inexplicable behaviour. Nevertheless , the brainwashing theory do nothing to clarify why a huge selection of other captured GI's chose to remain faithful to their region even with the risk of becoming tortured. It might not accurately account for the behaviour of the select few GI's when it did not offer any kind of explanation for the behaviour of the bulk.

Considering that the 1950's, the concept of brainwashing provides faded out and in of general public consciousness having a tendency to flare up again in the face of general public controversy. In the 1960's and 1970's the brainwashing argument again got center stage, on this occasion in an attempt to explain the behavior of apparent radicals who left behind a " normal" life and opted rather for a " cult" existence.

Even though scholars of recent religious movements would agree that religious groups often times have substantial affect over their particular followers, they will also believe the " influence applied in " cults" is not very totally different from influence that may be present in practically every arena of existence, " (19 Oct 1999). Mainstream made use of also workout influence more than their users concerning issues such as life-style choices, family relations and monetary contributions. Furthermore, the majority of social researchers concede that some degree of influence can be inevitable in each traditions and part of life even outside the market of religious decision....

Cited: and Consulted

  • Dawson, L. L. (1998). Comprehending cults. Don Generators: Oxford University or college Press.

  • Dawson, L. T. ed. (1996). Cults in context. Toronto: Canadian Students ' Press.

  • The Brainwashing Controversy. (19 Oct 1999) http://cti.itc.virginia.edu/~jkh8x/soc257/cultsect/brainwashing.htm (29 May 2000).

  • Brainwashing plus the Cults: The Rise and Fall of the Theory. (10 Dec 1999) http://www.cesnur.org/testi/melton.htm (2 June 2000).

  • Paloutzian, 3rd there’s r. F. (1996). Invitation for the psychology of faith. (2nd education. ). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.